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新西蘭玉文化

日期:2016年11月11日 13:31

方舟生存手机版下载中文 www.zvoar.icu 看看來自新西蘭的匯玉堂

The unique designs and forms of New Zealand jade.Pounamu has special significance for the Maori.

The Maori believe that Pounamu absorbs the 'mana' or spiritual power of its wearer. The Maori also believe that a piece of Pounamu will always yearn to return to its source in

the rivers and mountains of New Zealand.

New Zealand jade carving is unique in its designs and forms. We owe this to the Maori who have refined techniques of working with the stone over a long period of time. We can

trace their use of Pounamu back to the twelfth century. Because of its extreme hardness, Pounamu was used by the Maori for weapons and tools. It was also prized by the Maori for

ornaments - pendants and earrings.

Many of the designs you see today are contemporary interpretations of traditional designs, which have been carved for centuries such as the hei matua (fish hook), the tiki

(representing man) and the manaia (serpent form).

It can be said that all jade carving has an organic dimension. New Zealand carving is dynamic and diverse - a fact evidenced by the increasing numbers of new and talented

sculptors and carvers, each creating their own unique designs from their own particular sources of inspiration, whether that be Maori, Pacific, Asian or Celtic.

新西蘭的玉石雕刻

新西蘭玉雕有著獨特的設計和表現形式。Pounamu(普納姆)對于毛利人具有特殊的意義。

 

 

  毛利人相信Pounamu可以帶來力量和幸運。毛利人還認為一塊Pounamu總可以把他們帶回到新西蘭的山山水水。

  (譯者備注:中國人把玉看作是天地精氣的結晶,用作人神心靈溝通的中介物。新西蘭人同樣相信他們的“綠色石頭”(Pounamu)能帶來力量和幸運。Pounamu是被毛利人視為圣物的材料,許多人形像,小配件,武器等都用這種玉石制成的。)

 

 

  新西蘭的玉雕的特別之處在于它的設計和形式。這要歸功于毛利人花了很長時間用以完善琢磨石頭的技術。他們開始使用Pounamu的歷史,我們可以追溯到十二世紀前。因為它極高的硬度、Pounamu曾被毛利人做為武器和工具。它也被毛利人制成飾品-吊墜、耳環。

  許多你看到的設計是當代對傳統圖案的詮釋,傳統的設計已被雕刻了數百年,比如 hei matua(魚鉤)、the tiki(相當于男子)、the manaia(蛇的形狀)。

 

 

  可以說,所有的玉石雕刻是一個有機的層面。新西蘭雕刻是動態的,多元化的。事實證明,越來越多的新的和有才能的雕塑家和雕刻師,每一個人都在創造自己獨特的設計,從自己特定的靈感來源,無論是毛利人,太平洋,亞洲或凱爾特人。

所屬類別: 賞玉文化

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